Aristolochia trilobata   L.

trivial name

size

habit

inflorescence

exposure

temperature range

humidity

water requirements

 

soil pH

propagation

difficulty

Trilobed Pipevine

10+ m 

twining liana

brownish patterns on white ground, single crest

light shade

20-45 °C in summer, 5-12 °C in winter 

> 50 %

constant humidity and much water especially during hot days

slightly acidic

seeds, cuttings

1 (1 = very easy, 5 = extremely difficult)


Aristolochia trilobata is one of the most well-known species yet very often misidentified and mixed up with the very similar A. macroura.

Both species share similar habitats in central and southern America.

As genetic investigations are missing the floral characteristics are the only features to be used to tell them apart more or less easy.

 

Usually A. trilobata possesses a single crest in the female stage of the flower whereas A. macroura is double-crested and generally more compact. However, both species tend to vary at least to a little extent so it would be particularly interesting to see whether these and a few other characteristics are stable on a genetic level as well.

 

A. trilobata flowers comparatively are much more fragile and of whitish ground colour. Utricle and tube are both elongated and scattered with brown blotches. The upper/front part of the flower is the most different characteristic in my opinion, displaying a very narrow limb base and elevating the limb with brownish stripes which bears a shorter and thinner appendix compared to A. macroura.